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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended
September 30, 2023
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from to
Commission file number 1-06089

H&R Block, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Missouri44-0607856
(State or other jurisdiction of(I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)Identification No.)
One H&R Block Way, Kansas City, Missouri 64105
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)
(816) 854-3000
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, without par valueHRBNew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes     No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).
Yes     No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company" and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one)
Large accelerated filer            Accelerated filer         Non-accelerated filer           Smaller reporting company  Emerging growth company
    
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes     No  
The number of shares outstanding of the registrant's Common Stock, without par value, at the close of business on October 31, 2023: 143,931,084 shares.



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Form 10-Q for the Period ended September 30, 2023
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PART I    FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1.    FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE LOSS:(unaudited, in 000s, except 
per share amounts)
Three months ended September 30,
20232022
REVENUES:
Service revenues$171,726 $167,194 
Royalty, product and other revenues12,074 12,791 
183,800 179,985 
OPERATING EXPENSES:
Costs of revenues259,358 260,662 
Selling, general and administrative130,768 128,434 
Total operating expenses390,126 389,096 
Other income (expense), net9,836 3,611 
Interest expense on borrowings(15,870)(15,824)
Loss from continuing operations before income tax benefit(212,360)(221,324)
Income tax benefit(49,487)(53,957)
Net loss from continuing operations(162,873)(167,367)
Net loss from discontinued operations, net of tax benefits of $182 and $316
(609)(1,054)
NET LOSS$(163,482)$(168,421)
BASIC AND DILUTED LOSS PER SHARE:
Continuing operations$(1.11)$(1.05)
Discontinued operations(0.01)(0.01)
Consolidated$(1.12)$(1.06)
DIVIDENDS DECLARED PER SHARE$0.32 $0.29 
COMPREHENSIVE LOSS:
Net loss$(163,482)$(168,421)
Change in foreign currency translation adjustments(10,914)(32,345)
Other comprehensive loss(10,914)(32,345)
Comprehensive loss$(174,396)$(200,766)
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.










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CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS(unaudited, in 000s, except 
share and per share amounts)
As ofSeptember 30, 2023June 30, 2023
ASSETS
Cash and cash equivalents$426,990 $986,975 
Cash and cash equivalents - restricted30,570 28,341 
Receivables, less allowance for credit losses of $35,318 and $55,502
60,330 59,987 
Income taxes receivable42,136 35,910 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets71,814 76,273 
Total current assets631,840 1,187,486 
Property and equipment, at cost, less accumulated depreciation and amortization of $857,922 and $846,177
131,667 130,015 
Operating lease right of use assets412,415 438,299 
Intangible assets, net267,512 277,043 
Goodwill770,820 775,453 
Deferred tax assets and income taxes receivable248,642 211,391 
Other noncurrent assets48,156 52,571 
Total assets$2,511,052 $3,072,258 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
LIABILITIES:
Accounts payable and accrued expenses$149,892 $159,901 
Accrued salaries, wages and payroll taxes51,986 95,154 
Accrued income taxes and reserves for uncertain tax positions205,919 271,800 
Operating lease liabilities195,685 205,391 
Deferred revenue and other current liabilities189,304 206,536 
Total current liabilities792,786 938,782 
Long-term debt1,489,514 1,488,974 
Deferred tax liabilities and reserves for uncertain tax positions265,621 264,567 
Operating lease liabilities224,365 240,543 
Deferred revenue and other noncurrent liabilities83,650 107,328 
Total liabilities2,855,936 3,040,194 
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY:
Common stock, no par, stated value $0.01 per share, 800,000,000 shares authorized, shares issued of 175,670,790 and 178,935,578
1,757 1,789 
Additional paid-in capital740,434 770,376 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(48,013)(37,099)
Retained deficit(393,621)(48,677)
Less treasury shares, at cost, of 31,742,185 and 32,785,658
(645,441)(654,325)
Total stockholders' equity (deficiency)(344,884)32,064 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity$2,511,052 $3,072,258 
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
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CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS(unaudited, in 000s)
Three months ended September 30,20232022
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
Net loss$(163,482)$(168,421)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization30,225 33,624 
Provision for credit losses1,098 1,077 
Deferred taxes(37,757)16,918 
Stock-based compensation7,550 7,654 
Changes in assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:
Receivables4,981 3,702 
Prepaid expenses, other current and noncurrent assets6,396 (2,669)
Accounts payable, accrued expenses, salaries, wages and payroll taxes(71,202)(129,908)
Deferred revenue, other current and noncurrent liabilities(42,657)(41,549)
Income tax receivables, accrued income taxes and income tax reserves(70,301)(41,659)
Other, net160 (435)
Net cash used in operating activities(334,989)(321,666)
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
Capital expenditures(12,916)(16,161)
Payments made for business acquisitions, net of cash acquired(6,919)(16,507)
Franchise loans funded(5,380)(6,686)
Payments from franchisees937 2,270 
Other, net388 (274)
Net cash used in investing activities(23,890)(37,358)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
Dividends paid(42,953)(43,093)
Repurchase of common stock, including shares surrendered(150,442)(202,845)
Other, net(1,803)(955)
Net cash used in financing activities(195,198)(246,893)
Effects of exchange rate changes on cash(3,679)(13,422)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents, including restricted balances(557,756)(619,339)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period1,015,316 1,050,713 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period$457,560 $431,374 
SUPPLEMENTARY CASH FLOW DATA:
Income taxes paid (received), net$58,337 $(29,811)
Interest paid on borrowings19,792 19,792 
Accrued additions to property and equipment3,316 4,704 
New operating right of use assets and related lease liabilities38,468 52,265 
Accrued dividends payable to common shareholders46,901 46,100 
Accrued purchase of common stock10,003 32,356 
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
H&R Block, Inc. | Q1 FY2024 Form 10-Q
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CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY(amounts in 000s, except per share amounts)
Common StockAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Accumulated Other
Comprehensive
Loss(1)
Retained
Deficit
Treasury StockTotal
Stockholders’
Equity
SharesAmountSharesAmount
Balances as of July 1, 2023178,936 $1,789 $770,376 $(37,099)$(48,677)(32,786)$(654,325)$32,064 
Net loss    (163,482)  (163,482)
Other comprehensive loss   (10,914)   (10,914)
Stock-based compensation  6,211     6,211 
Stock-based awards exercised or vested  (34,226) (3,220)1,867 37,348 (98)
Acquisition of treasury shares(2)
     (823)(28,464)(28,464)
Repurchase and retirement of common shares(3,265)(32)(1,927) (131,341)  (133,300)
Cash dividends declared - $0.32 per share
    (46,901)  (46,901)
Balances as of September 30, 2023175,671 $1,757 $740,434 $(48,013)$(393,621)(31,742)$(645,441)$(344,884)



Common StockAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Accumulated Other
Comprehensive
Loss(1)
Retained
Earnings
(Deficit)
Treasury StockTotal
Stockholders’
Equity
SharesAmountSharesAmount
Balances as of July 1, 2022193,571 $1,936 $772,182 $(21,645)$120,405 (33,641)$(661,247)$211,631 
Net loss— — — — (168,421)— — (168,421)
Other comprehensive loss— — — (32,345)— — — (32,345)
Stock-based compensation— — 5,630 — — — — 5,630 
Stock-based awards exercised or vested— — (15,276)— (742)805 15,839 (179)
Acquisition of treasury shares(2)
— — — — — (341)(15,432)(15,432)
Repurchase and retirement of common shares(4,927)(49)(2,907)— (216,813)— — (219,769)
Cash dividends declared - $0.29 per share
— — — — (46,100)— — (46,100)
Balances as of September 30, 2022188,644 $1,887 $759,629 $(53,990)$(311,671)(33,177)$(660,840)$(264,985)
(1) The balance of our accumulated other comprehensive loss consists of foreign currency translation adjustments.
(2) Represents shares swapped or surrendered to us in connection with the vesting or exercise of stock-based awards.
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS             (unaudited)
NOTE 1: SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
BASIS OF PRESENTATIONThe consolidated balance sheets as of September 30, 2023 and June 30, 2023, the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss for the three months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, the consolidated statements of cash flows for the three months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, and the consolidated statements of stockholders' equity for the three months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022 have been prepared by the Company, without audit. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, which include only normal recurring adjustments, necessary to present fairly the financial position, results of operations, and cash flows as of September 30, 2023 and 2022 and for all periods presented, have been made.
"H&R Block," "the Company," "we," "our," and "us" are used interchangeably to refer to H&R Block, Inc., to H&R Block, Inc. and its subsidiaries, or to H&R Block, Inc.'s operating subsidiaries, as appropriate to the context.
Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (GAAP) have been condensed or omitted. These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto included in our June 30, 2023 Annual Report on Form 10-K. All amounts presented herein as of June 30, 2023 or for the year then ended are derived from our Annual Report on Form 10-K.
MANAGEMENT ESTIMATESThe preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Significant estimates, assumptions and judgments are applied in the evaluation of contingent losses arising from our discontinued mortgage business, contingent losses associated with pending claims and litigation, reserves for uncertain tax positions, fair value of reporting units, and related matters. Estimates have been prepared based on the best information available as of each balance sheet date. As such, actual results could differ materially from those estimates.
SEASONALITY OF BUSINESS – Our operating revenues are seasonal in nature with peak revenues typically occurring in the months of February through April. Therefore, results for interim periods are not indicative of results to be expected for the full year.
DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS – Our discontinued operations include the results of operations of Sand Canyon Corporation, previously known as Option One Mortgage Corporation (including its subsidiaries, collectively, SCC), which exited its mortgage business in fiscal year 2008. See note 9 for additional information on loss contingencies related to our discontinued operations.
H&R Block, Inc. |Q1 FY2024 Form 10-Q
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NOTE 2: REVENUE RECOGNITION
The majority of our revenues are from our United States (U.S.) tax services business. The following table disaggregates our U.S. revenues by major service line, with revenues from our international tax services businesses and from Wave included as separate lines:
(in 000s)
Three months ended September 30,
20232022
Revenues:
U.S. assisted tax preparation$39,263 $36,312 
U.S. royalties5,701 6,228 
U.S. DIY tax preparation3,848 3,158 
Refund Transfers1,142 1,284 
Peace of Mind® Extended Service Plan24,847 24,770 
Tax Identity Shield®4,580 5,167 
Emerald Card® and SpruceSM
8,633 11,612 
Interest and fee income on Emerald AdvanceSM
298 614 
International60,565 58,834 
Wave23,943 22,646 
Other10,980 9,360 
Total revenues$183,800 $179,985 
Changes in the balances of deferred revenue and wages for our Peace of Mind® Extended Service Plan (POM) are as follows:
(in 000s)
POMDeferred RevenueDeferred Wages
Three months ended September 30,2023202220232022
Balance, beginning of the period$167,257 $173,486 $21,828 $19,495 
Amounts deferred1,450 1,360 6 5 
Amounts recognized on previous deferrals(28,772)(28,703)(3,323)(2,988)
Balance, end of the period$139,935 $146,143 $18,511 $16,512 
As of September 30, 2023, deferred revenue related to POM was $139.9 million. We expect that $94.1 million will be recognized over the next twelve months, while the remaining balance will be recognized over the following five years.
As of September 30, 2023 and 2022, Tax Identity Shield® (TIS) deferred revenue was $20.8 million and $21.2 million, respectively. Deferred revenue related to TIS was $25.2 million and $25.8 million as of June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively. All deferred revenue related to TIS will be recognized by April 2024.
NOTE 3: EARNINGS PER SHARE AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
EARNINGS PER SHARE – Basic and diluted earnings (loss) per share is computed using the two-class method. The two-class method is an earnings allocation formula that determines net income per share for each class of common stock and participating security according to dividends declared and participation rights in undistributed earnings. Per share amounts are computed by dividing net income (loss) from continuing operations attributable to common shareholders by the weighted average shares outstanding during each period. Diluted earnings per share excludes the impact of shares of common stock issuable upon the lapse of certain restrictions or the exercise of options to purchase 3.5 million and 4.4 million shares for the three months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022 respectively, as the effect would be antidilutive due to the net loss from continuing operations during the periods.
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The computations of basic and diluted earnings (loss) per share from continuing operations are as follows:
(in 000s, except per share amounts)
Three months ended September 30,
20232022
Net loss from continuing operations attributable to shareholders$(162,873)$(167,367)
Amounts allocated to participating securities(177)(179)
Net loss from continuing operations attributable to common shareholders$(163,050)$(167,546)
Basic weighted average common shares146,273 159,284 
Potential dilutive shares  
Dilutive weighted average common shares146,273 159,284 
Loss per share from continuing operations attributable to common shareholders:
Basic$(1.11)$(1.05)
Diluted(1.11)(1.05)
The decrease in the weighted average shares outstanding is due to share repurchases completed in the current and prior fiscal years.
STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION – We granted 1.6 million and 0.9 million shares, including adjustments for performance achievement and dividend equivalents, under our stock-based compensation plans during the three months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively. Stock-based compensation expense of our continuing operations totaled $7.6 million and $7.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively. As of September 30, 2023, unrecognized compensation cost for nonvested shares and units totaled $67.6 million.
NOTE 4: RECEIVABLES
Receivables, net of their related allowance, consist of the following:
(in 000s)
As ofSeptember 30, 2023June 30, 2023
Short-termLong-termShort-termLong-term
Loans to franchisees$11,209 $19,443 $6,344 $19,206 
Receivables for U.S. assisted and DIY tax preparation and related fees11,580 3,756 11,061 6,824 
H&R Block's Instant RefundSM receivables
6,328 331 8,499 414 
H&R Block Emerald Advance®
8,253 8,281 10,834 7,089 
Software receivables from retailers1,161  1,650  
Royalties and other receivables from franchisees5,026  3,416  
Wave payment processing receivables1,236  964  
Other15,537 967 17,219 1,108 
Total$60,330 $32,778 $59,987 $34,641 
Balances presented above as short-term are included in receivables, while the long-term portions are included in other noncurrent assets in the consolidated balance sheets.
LOANS TO FRANCHISEES Franchisee loan balances consist of term loans made primarily to finance the purchase of franchises and revolving lines of credit primarily for the purpose of funding working capital needs. As of September 30, 2023 and June 30, 2023, loans with a principal balance more than 90 days past due, or on non-accrual status, are not material.
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H&R BLOCK'S INSTANT REFUNDSM H&R Block's Instant RefundSM amounts are generally received from the Canada Revenue Agency within 60 days of filing the client's return, with the remaining balance collectible from the client.
We review the credit quality of our Instant Refund receivables based on pools, which are segregated by the tax return year of origination, with older years being deemed more unlikely to be repaid. We establish an allowance for credit losses at an amount that we believe reflects the receivable at net realizable value. In December of each year, we charge-off the receivables and the related allowance to an amount we believe represents the net realizable value.
Balances and amounts on non-accrual status and classified as impaired, or more than 60 days past due, by tax return year of origination, as of September 30, 2023 are as follows:
(in 000s)
Tax return year of originationBalanceMore Than 60 Days Past Due
2022$8,392 $7,800 
2021 and prior232 232 
8,624 $8,032 
Allowance(1,965)
Net balance$6,659 
H&R BLOCK EMERALD ADVANCE® Historically, Emerald Advance® lines of credit (EA LOCs) have been offered to clients in our offices from mid-November through mid-January. If the borrower met certain criteria as agreed in the loan terms, the line of credit could be utilized year-round (Revolving Loan). In fiscal year 2024, EAs are being offered as term loans (EA TLs), and we are discontinuing the EA LOCs, including the Revolving Loans. See note 8 for discussion of the new EA TL.
We review the credit quality of our purchased participation interests in EA receivables based on pools, which are segregated by the fiscal year of origination, with older years being deemed more unlikely to be repaid. We establish an allowance for credit losses at an amount that we believe reflects the receivable at net realizable value. Typically, in December of each year, we charge-off the receivables and the related allowance for EA LOCs, excluding Revolving Loans, to an amount we believe represents the net realizable value. However, due to the discontinuation of EA LOCs, we have charged-off the receivables and the related allowance of EA LOCs and Revolving Loans to an amount that we believe represents net realizable value as of September 30, 2023.
Balances and amounts on non-accrual status and classified as impaired, or more than 60 days past due, by fiscal year of origination, as of September 30, 2023 are as follows:
(in 000s)
Fiscal year of originationBalanceNon-Accrual
2023 – Lines of credit$11,643 $11,643 
2022 and prior – Lines of credit2,951 2,951 
Revolving Loans1,940 1,129 
16,534 $15,723 
Allowance 
Net balance$16,534 
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ALLOWANCE FOR CREDIT LOSSES Activity in the allowance for credit losses for our EA and all other short-term and long-term receivables for the three months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022 is as follows:
(in 000s)
EAsAll OtherTotal
Balances as of July 1, 2023$27,386 $35,108 $62,494 
Provision for credit losses328 770 1,098 
Charge-offs, recoveries and other(27,714)(409)(28,123)
Balances as of September 30, 2023$ $35,469 $35,469 
Balances as of July 1, 2022$26,141 $51,126 $77,267 
Provision for credit losses 1,077 1,077 
Charge-offs, recoveries and other (1,281)(1,281)
Balances as of September 30, 2022$26,141 $50,922 $77,063 
Gross charge-offs of EAs were $27.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2023, of which $15.4 million related to EA LOCs originated in fiscal year 2023 and $12.3 million related to Revolving Loans.
NOTE 5: GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS
Changes in the carrying amount of goodwill for the three months ended September 30, 2023 are as follows:
(in 000s)
GoodwillAccumulated Impairment LossesNet
Balances as of July 1, 2023$913,750 $(138,297)$775,453 
Acquisitions(1)
3,081  3,081 
Disposals and foreign currency changes, net(7,714) (7,714)
Impairments   
Balances as of September 30, 2023$909,117 $(138,297)$770,820 
(1)    All goodwill added during the period is expected to be tax-deductible for federal income tax reporting.
We test goodwill for impairment annually as of February 1, or more frequently if events occur or circumstances change which would, more likely than not, reduce the fair value of a reporting unit below its carrying value.
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Components of intangible assets are as follows:
(in 000s)
Gross Carrying AmountAccumulated
Amortization
Net
As of September 30, 2023:
Reacquired franchise rights$394,535 $(216,277)$178,258 
Customer relationships355,271 (306,460)48,811 
Internally-developed software133,273 (123,220)10,053 
Noncompete agreements42,751 (40,097)2,654 
Franchise agreements19,201 (19,068)133 
Purchased technology122,700 (98,432)24,268 
Trade name5,800 (2,465)3,335 
$1,073,531 $(806,019)$267,512 
As of June 30, 2023:
Reacquired franchise rights$392,452 $(212,495)$179,957 
Customer relationships351,695 (301,062)50,633 
Internally-developed software133,380 (120,054)13,326 
Noncompete agreements42,596 (39,617)2,979 
Franchise agreements19,201 (18,668)533 
Purchased technology122,700 (96,565)26,135 
Trade name5,800 (2,320)3,480 
$1,067,824 $(790,781)$277,043 
We made payments to acquire businesses totaling $6.9 million and $16.5 million during the three months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively. The amounts and weighted-average lives of intangible assets acquired during the three months ended September 30, 2023 are as follows:
(dollars in 000s)
AmountWeighted-Average Life (in years)
Customer relationships$4,098 5
Reacquired franchise rights2,159 5
Noncompete agreements176 5
Total$6,433 5
Amortization of intangible assets for the three months ended September 30, 2023 was $15.8 million compared to $18.4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2022. Estimated amortization of intangible assets for fiscal years ending June 30, 2024, 2025, 2026, 2027, and 2028 is $56.9 million, $34.3 million, $25.0 million, $19.0 million and $11.7 million, respectively.
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NOTE 6: LONG-TERM DEBT
The components of long-term debt are as follows:
(in 000s)
As ofSeptember 30, 2023June 30, 2023
Senior Notes, 5.250%, due October 2025
$350,000 $350,000 
Senior Notes, 2.500%, due July 2028
500,000 500,000 
Senior Notes, 3.875%, due August 2030
650,000 650,000 
Debt issuance costs and discounts(10,486)(11,025)
Total long-term debt1,489,514 1,488,975 
Less: Current portion  
Long-term portion$1,489,514 $1,488,975 
Estimated fair value of long-term debt$1,325,000 $1,339,000 
Our unsecured committed line of credit (CLOC) provides for an unsecured senior revolving credit facility in the aggregate principal amount of $1.5 billion, which includes a $175.0 million sublimit for swingline loans and a $50.0 million sublimit for standby letters of credit. We may request increases in the aggregate principal amount of the revolving credit facility of up to $500.0 million, subject to obtaining commitments from lenders and meeting certain other conditions. The CLOC will mature on June 11, 2026, unless extended pursuant to the terms of the CLOC, at which time all outstanding amounts thereunder will be due and payable. Our CLOC includes an annual facility fee, which will vary depending on our then current credit ratings.
The CLOC is subject to various conditions, triggers, events or occurrences that could result in earlier termination and contains customary representations, warranties, covenants and events of default, including, without limitation: (1) a covenant requiring the Company to maintain a debt-to-EBITDA ratio, as defined by the CLOC agreement, calculated on a consolidated basis of no greater than (a) 3.50 to 1.00 as of the last day of each fiscal quarter ending on March 31, June 30, and September 30 of each year and (b) 4.50 to 1.00 as of the last day of each fiscal quarter ending on December 31 of each year; (2) a covenant requiring us to maintain an interest coverage ratio (EBITDA-to-interest expense) calculated on a consolidated basis of not less than 2.50 to 1.00 as of the last date of any fiscal quarter; and (3) covenants restricting our ability to incur certain additional debt, incur liens, merge or consolidate with other companies, sell or dispose of assets (including equity interests), liquidate or dissolve, engage in certain transactions with affiliates or enter into certain restrictive agreements. The CLOC includes provisions for an equity cure which could potentially allow us to independently cure certain defaults. Proceeds under the CLOC may be used for working capital needs or for other general corporate purposes. We were in compliance with these requirements as of September 30, 2023.
We had no outstanding balance under our CLOC and amounts available to borrow were not limited by the debt-to-EBITDA covenant as of September 30, 2023.
NOTE 7: INCOME TAXES
We file a consolidated federal income tax return in the U.S. with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and file tax returns in various state, local, and foreign jurisdictions.
We had gross unrecognized tax benefits of $237.9 million and $240.1 million as of September 30, 2023 and June 30, 2023, respectively. The gross unrecognized tax benefits decreased by $2.2 million during the three months ended September 30, 2023. We believe it is reasonably possible that the balance of unrecognized tax benefits could decrease by approximately $136.1 million within the next twelve months. The anticipated decrease is due to the expiration of statutes of limitations and anticipated closure of various matters currently under examination or in appeals. For such matters where a change in the balance of unrecognized tax benefits is not yet deemed reasonably possible, no estimate has been included.
Our effective tax rate for continuing operations, including the effects of discrete tax items, was 23.3% and 24.4% for the three months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively.
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Consistent with prior years, our pretax loss for the three months ended September 30, 2023 is expected to be offset by income in our third and fourth quarters due to the established pattern of seasonality in our primary business operations. As such, management has determined that it is more-likely-than-not that realization of tax benefits recorded in our financial statements will occur within our fiscal year. The amount of tax benefit recorded for the three months ended September 30, 2023 reflects management’s estimate of the annual effective tax rate applied to year-to-date loss from continuing operations adjusted for the tax impact of discrete items for the periods presented.
NOTE 8: COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Our U.S. and Canadian businesses offer our 100% accuracy guarantee. Assisted tax returns are covered by our 100% accuracy guarantee, whereby we will reimburse a client for penalties and interest attributable to an H&R Block error on a return. DIY tax returns are covered by our 100% accuracy guarantee, whereby we will reimburse a client up to a maximum of $10,000 if our software makes an arithmetic error that results in payment of penalties and/or interest to the respective taxing authority that a client would otherwise not have been required to pay. Our liability related to estimated losses under the 100% accuracy guarantee was $14.4 million and $15.8 million as of September 30, 2023 and June 30, 2023, respectively. The short-term and long-term portions of this liability are included in deferred revenue and other liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets.
Liabilities related to acquisitions for (1) estimated contingent consideration based on expected financial performance of the acquired business and economic conditions at the time of acquisition and (2) estimated accrued compensation related to continued employment of key employees were $20.3 million and $18.3 million as of September 30, 2023 and June 30, 2023 respectively, with amounts recorded in deferred revenue and other liabilities. Should actual results differ from our estimates, future payments made will differ from the above estimate and any differences will be recorded in results from continuing operations.
We have contractual commitments to fund certain franchises with approved short-term lines of credit for the purpose of meeting their seasonal working capital needs. Our total obligation under these lines of credit was $14.4 million at September 30, 2023, and net of amounts drawn and outstanding, our remaining commitment to fund totaled $8.4 million.
We purchase a 90% participation interest in each EA originated by Pathward®, N.A. (Pathward) in accordance with our agreement. Historically, EA LOCs have been offered to our clients in our offices. In fiscal year 2024, EAs are being offered as term loans and we are discontinuing EA LOCs. EA TLs are interest bearing with principal and interest due in full on March 31, and there are no annual fees or required monthly payments. EA TLs are offered to clients in our offices, in November and December, in amounts of $350 to $1,300. Effective October 20, 2023, we amended the Program Management Agreement and entered into a new participation agreement related to EA TLs originated by Pathward. We will continue to purchase a 90% participation interest in each loan made by Pathward in accordance with the participation agreement.
NOTE 9: LITIGATION AND OTHER RELATED CONTINGENCIES
We are a defendant in numerous litigation and arbitration matters, arising both in the ordinary course of business and otherwise, including as described below. The matters described below are not all of the lawsuits or arbitrations to which we are subject. In some of the matters, very large or indeterminate amounts, including punitive damages, may be sought. U.S. jurisdictions permit considerable variation in the assertion of monetary damages or other relief. Jurisdictions may permit claimants not to specify the monetary damages sought or may permit claimants to state only that the amount sought is sufficient to invoke the jurisdiction. In addition, jurisdictions may permit plaintiffs to allege monetary damages in amounts well exceeding reasonably possible verdicts in the jurisdiction for similar matters. We believe that the monetary relief which may be specified in a lawsuit or claim bears little relevance to its merits or disposition value due to this variability in pleadings and our experience in handling and resolving numerous claims over an extended period of time.
The outcome of a matter and the amount or range of potential loss at particular points in time may be difficult to ascertain. Among other things, uncertainties can include how fact finders will evaluate documentary evidence and the credibility and effectiveness of witness testimony, and how courts and arbitrators will apply the law.
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Disposition valuations are also subject to the uncertainty of how opposing parties and their counsel will view the relevant evidence and applicable law.
In addition to litigation and arbitration matters, we are also subject to other loss contingencies arising out of our business activities, including as described below.
We accrue liabilities for litigation, arbitration and other related loss contingencies and any related settlements when it is probable that a loss has been incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. If a range of loss is estimated, and some amount within that range appears to be a better estimate than any other amount within that range, then that amount is accrued. If no amount within the range can be identified as a better estimate than any other amount, we accrue the minimum amount in the range.
For such matters where a loss is believed to be reasonably possible, but not probable, or the loss cannot be reasonably estimated, no accrual has been made. It is possible that such matters could require us to pay damages or make other expenditures or accrue liabilities in amounts that could not be reasonably estimated as of September 30, 2023. While the potential future liabilities could be material in the particular quarterly or annual periods in which they are recorded, based on information currently known, we do not believe any such liabilities are likely to have a material adverse effect on our business and our consolidated financial position, results of operations, and cash flows. Our accrued liabilities were $0.2 million as of September 30, 2023 and June 30, 2023.
Our estimate of the aggregate range of reasonably possible losses includes (1) matters where a liability has been accrued and there is a reasonably possible loss in excess of the amount accrued for that liability, and (2) matters where a liability has not been accrued but we believe a loss is reasonably possible. This aggregate range only represents those losses as to which we are currently able to estimate a reasonably possible loss or range of loss. It does not represent our maximum loss exposure.
Matters for which we are not currently able to estimate the reasonably possible loss or range of loss are not included in this range. We are often unable to estimate the possible loss or range of loss until developments in such matters have provided sufficient information to support an assessment of the reasonably possible loss or range of loss, such as precise information about the amount of damages or other remedies being asserted, the defenses to the claims being asserted, discovery from other parties and investigation of factual allegations, rulings by courts or arbitrators on motions or appeals, analyses by experts, or the status or terms of any settlement negotiations.
The estimated range of reasonably possible loss is based upon currently available information and is subject to significant judgment and a variety of assumptions, as well as known and unknown uncertainties. The matters underlying the estimated range will change from time to time, and actual results may vary significantly from the current estimate. As of September 30, 2023, we believe the estimate of the aggregate range of reasonably possible losses in excess of amounts accrued, where the range of loss can be estimated, is not material.
At the end of each reporting period, we review relevant information with respect to litigation, arbitration and other related loss contingencies and update our accruals, disclosures, and estimates of reasonably possible loss or range of loss based on such reviews. Costs incurred with defending matters are expensed as incurred. Any receivable for insurance recoveries is recorded separately from the corresponding liability, and only if recovery is determined to be probable and reasonably estimable.
We believe we have meritorious defenses to the claims asserted in the various matters described in this note, and we intend to defend them vigorously. The amounts claimed in the matters are substantial, however, and there can be no assurances as to their outcomes. In the event of unfavorable outcomes, it could require modifications to our operations; in addition, the amounts that may be required to be paid to discharge or settle the matters could be substantial and could have a material adverse impact on our business and our consolidated financial position, results of operations, and cash flows.
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LITIGATION, CLAIMS OR OTHER LOSS CONTINGENCIES PERTAINING TO CONTINUING OPERATIONS
On May 6, 2019, the Los Angeles City Attorney filed a lawsuit on behalf of the People of the State of California in the Superior Court of California, County of Los Angeles (Case No. 19STCV15742). The case is styled The People of the State of California v. HRB Digital LLC, et al. The complaint alleges that H&R Block, Inc. and HRB Digital LLC engaged in unfair, fraudulent and deceptive business practices and acts in connection with the IRS Free File Program in violation of the California Unfair Competition Law, California Business and Professions Code §§17200 et seq. The complaint seeks injunctive relief, restitution of monies paid to H&R Block by persons in the State of California who were eligible to file under the IRS Free File Program for the time period starting 4 years prior to the date of the filing of the complaint, pre-judgment interest, civil penalties and costs. The City Attorney subsequently dismissed H&R Block, Inc. from the case and amended its complaint to add HRB Tax Group, Inc. We filed a motion for summary judgment, which was denied. A trial date is set for February 20, 2024. We have not concluded that a loss related to this matter is probable, nor have we accrued a liability related to this matter.
We have received and are responding to certain governmental inquiries and other matters relating to the IRS Free File Program and to our DIY tax preparation services. We received a demand and draft complaint in February 2023 from the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) relating to our DIY tax preparation services. If the parties are not able to reach amicable resolution, the FTC may seek resolution through litigation. We have not concluded that a loss related to these matters is probable, nor have we accrued a liability related to these matters.
DISCONTINUED MORTGAGE OPERATIONS – Although SCC ceased its mortgage loan origination activities in December 2007 and sold its loan servicing business in April 2008, SCC or the Company has been and may in the future be, subject to litigation and other loss contingencies, including indemnification and contribution claims, pertaining to SCC's mortgage business activities that occurred prior to such termination and sale.
Parties, including underwriters, depositors, and securitization trustees, have been, remain, or may in the future be, involved in lawsuits, threatened lawsuits, or settlements related to securitization transactions in which SCC participated. A variety of claims are alleged in these matters, including violations of federal and state securities laws and common law fraud, breaches of representations and warranties, or violations of statutory requirements. SCC has received notices of potential indemnification or contribution obligations relating to such matters. Additional lawsuits against the parties to the securitization transactions may be filed in the future, and SCC may receive additional notices of potential indemnification, contribution or similar obligations with respect to existing or new lawsuits or settlements of such lawsuits or other claims. We have not concluded that a loss related to any of these potential indemnification or contribution claims is probable, nor have we accrued a liability related to any of these claims.
It is difficult to predict either the likelihood of new matters being initiated or the outcome of existing matters. In many of these matters it is not possible to estimate a reasonably possible loss or range of loss due to, among other things, the inherent uncertainties involved in these matters and the indeterminate damages sought. If the amount that SCC is ultimately required to pay with respect to loss contingencies, together with payment of SCC's related administration and legal expense, exceeds SCC's net assets, the creditors of SCC, other potential claimants, or a bankruptcy trustee if SCC were to file or be forced into bankruptcy, may attempt to assert claims against us for payment of SCC's obligations. Claimants also may attempt to assert claims against or seek payment directly from the Company even if SCC's assets exceed its liabilities. SCC's principal assets, as of September 30, 2023, total approximately $265 million and consist of an intercompany note receivable. We believe our legal position is strong on any potential corporate veil-piercing arguments; however, if this position is challenged and not upheld, it could have a material adverse effect on our business and our consolidated financial position, results of operations, and cash flows.
OTHER – We are from time to time a party to litigation, arbitration and other loss contingencies not discussed herein arising out of our business operations. These matters may include actions by state attorneys general, other state regulators, federal regulators, individual plaintiffs, and cases in which plaintiffs seek to represent others who may be similarly situated.
While we cannot provide assurance that we will ultimately prevail in each instance, we believe the amount, if any, we are required to pay to discharge or settle these other matters will not have a material adverse impact on our business and our consolidated financial position, results of operations, and cash flows.
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ITEM 2.    MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Our subsidiaries provide assisted and do-it-yourself (DIY) tax preparation solutions through multiple channels (including in-person, online and mobile applications, virtual, and desktop software) and distribute H&R Block-branded products and services, including those of our bank partners, to the general public primarily in the United States (U.S.), Canada and Australia. Tax returns are either prepared by H&R Block tax professionals (in company-owned or franchise offices, virtually or via an internet review) or prepared and filed by our clients through our DIY tax solutions. We also offer small business solutions through our company-owned and franchise offices and online through Wave. We report a single segment that includes all of our continuing operations.
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Consolidated – Financial Results(in 000s, except per share amounts)
Three months ended September 30,20232022$ Change% Change
Revenues:
U.S. tax preparation and related services:
Assisted tax preparation$39,263 $36,312 $2,951 8.1 %
Royalties5,701 6,228 (527)(8.5)%
DIY tax preparation3,848 3,158 690 21.8 %
Refund Transfers1,142 1,284 (142)(11.1)%
Peace of Mind® Extended Service Plan24,847 24,770 77 0.3 %
Tax Identity Shield®4,580 5,167 (587)(11.4)%
Other10,980 9,360 1,620 17.3 %
Total U.S. tax preparation and related services90,361 86,279 4,082 4.7 %
Financial services:
Emerald Card® and SpruceSM
8,633 11,612 (2,979)(25.7)%
Interest and fee income on Emerald AdvanceSM
298 614 (316)(51.5)%
Total financial services8,931 12,226 (3,295)(27.0)%
International60,565 58,834 1,731 2.9 %
Wave23,943 22,646 1,297 5.7 %
Total revenues$183,800 $179,985 $3,815 2.1 %
Compensation and benefits:
Field wages62,435 61,673 (762)(1.2)%
Other wages72,098 63,753 (8,345)(13.1)%
Benefits and other compensation35,248 34,832 (416)(1.2)%
169,781 160,258 (9,523)(5.9)%
Occupancy99,285 97,590 (1,695)(1.7)%
Marketing and advertising5,481 10,649 5,168 48.5 %
Depreciation and amortization30,225 33,624 3,399 10.1 %
Bad debt4,798 329 (4,469)(1,358.4)%
Other80,556 86,646 6,090 7.0 %
Total operating expenses390,126 389,096 (1,030)(0.3)%
Other income (expense), net9,836 3,611 6,225 172.4 %
Interest expense on borrowings(15,870)(15,824)(46)(0.3)%
Pretax loss(212,360)(221,324)8,964 4.1 %
Income tax benefit(49,487)(53,957)(4,470)(8.3)%
Net loss from continuing operations(162,873)(167,367)4,494 2.7 %
Net loss from discontinued operations(609)(1,054)445 42.2 %
Net loss$(163,482)$(168,421)$4,939 2.9 %
BASIC AND DILUTED LOSS PER SHARE:
Continuing operations$(1.11)$(1.05)$(0.06)(5.7)%
Discontinued operations(0.01)(0.01)— — %
Consolidated$(1.12)$(1.06)$(0.06)(5.7)%
Adjusted diluted EPS(1)
$(1.05)$(0.99)$(0.06)(6.1)%
EBITDA (1)
$(166,265)$(171,876)$5,611 3.3 %
(1)    All non-GAAP measures are results from continuing operations. See "Non-GAAP Financial Information" at the end of this item for a reconciliation of non-GAAP measures.
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Three months ended September 30, 2023 compared to September 30, 2022
Revenues increased $3.8 million, or 2.1%, from the prior year. U.S. assisted tax preparation revenues increased $3.0 million, or 8.1%, primarily due to a higher net average charge in the current year. Other revenues increased $1.6 million, or 17.3%, primarily due to higher extension filing fees and accounting and bookkeeping fees.
Emerald Card® and SpruceSM revenues decreased $3.0 million, or 25.7%, primarily due to lower Emerald Card® activity in the current year as a result of less funds being loaded in the current year.
International tax preparation revenues increased $1.7 million, or 2.9%, due to higher volumes in Australia, which was partially offset by the impacts of foreign currency exchange rates. Wave revenues increased $1.3 million, or 5.7%, due to higher small business payments processing volumes.
Total operating expenses increased $1.0 million, or 0.3%, from the prior year. Other wages increased $8.3 million, or 13.1%, primarily due to higher corporate wages and a bonus accrual adjustment in the prior year. Marketing and advertising expense decreased $5.2 million, or 48.5%, primarily due to a vendor refund for expired customer incentives and lower online advertising. Depreciation and amortization expense decreased $3.4 million, or 10.1%, primarily due to lower amortization of acquired intangibles. Bad debt expense increased $4.5 million due to higher Emerald Card® losses in the current year.
Other operating expenses decreased $6.1 million, or 7.0%. The components of other expenses are as follows:
(in 000s)
Three months ended September 30,20232022$ Change% Change
Consulting and outsourced services$13,134 $18,053 $4,919 27.2 %
Bank partner fees48 (19)(67)**
Client claims and refunds6,239 6,770 531 7.8 %
Employee and travel expenses5,686 6,068 382 6.3 %
Technology-related expenses23,078 25,915 2,837 10.9 %
Credit card/bank charges17,169 16,201 (968)(6.0)%
Insurance3,350 3,718 368 9.9 %
Legal fees and settlements3,008 2,286 (722)(31.6)%
Supplies2,763 3,395 632 18.6 %
Other6,081 4,259 (1,822)(42.8)%
$80,556 $86,646 $6,090 7.0 %
Consulting and outsourced services expense decreased $4.9 million, or 27.2%, primarily due to lower contract labor in the current year. Technology-related expenses decreased $2.8 million, or 10.9%, due to lower costs of technology in the current year.
Other income (expense), net increased $6.2 million, or 172.4%, primarily due to higher interest income in the current year.
We recorded an income tax benefit of $49.5 million in the current year compared to $54.0 million in the prior year. The effective tax rate for the three months ended September 30, 2023, and 2022 was 23.3% and 24.4%, respectively.
Diluted loss per share from continuing operations increased 5.7% from the prior year due to fewer shares outstanding from share repurchases, partially offset by a lower net loss compared to the prior year.
FINANCIAL CONDITION
These comments should be read in conjunction with the consolidated balance sheets and consolidated statements of cash flows included in Part 1, Item 1.
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CAPITAL RESOURCES AND LIQUIDITY
OVERVIEW – Our primary sources of capital and liquidity include cash from operations (including changes in working capital), draws on our unsecured committed line of credit (CLOC), and issuances of debt. We use our sources of liquidity primarily to fund working capital, service and repay debt, pay dividends, repurchase shares of our common stock, and acquire businesses.
Our operations are highly seasonal and substantially all of our revenues and cash flow are generated during the period from February through April in a typical year. Therefore, we normally require the use of cash to fund losses and working capital needs, periodically resulting in a working capital deficit, during the months of May through January. We typically have relied on available cash balances from the prior tax season and borrowings to meet liquidity needs.
Given the likely availability of a number of liquidity options discussed herein, we believe that, in the absence of any unexpected developments, our existing sources of capital as of September 30, 2023 are sufficient to meet our operating, investing and financing needs.
DISCUSSION OF CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS – The following table summarizes our statements of cash flows for the three months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022. See Item 1 for the complete consolidated statements of cash flows for these periods.
(in 000s)
Three months ended September 30,20232022
Net cash used in:
Operating activities$(334,989)$(321,666)
Investing activities(23,890)(37,358)
Financing activities(195,198)(246,893)
Effects of exchange rates on cash(3,679)(13,422)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents, including restricted balances$(557,756)$(619,339)
Operating Activities. Cash used in operations totaled $335.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2023 compared to $321.7 million in the prior year period. The change is primarily due to the receipt of income tax receivables in the prior year and changes in deferred tax assets in the current year, partially offset by lower bonus and payroll tax payments in the current year.
Investing Activities. Cash used in investing activities totaled $23.9 million for the three months ended September 30, 2023 compared to $37.4 million in the prior year period. The change is primarily due to lower payments to acquire businesses in the current year.
Financing Activities. Cash used in financing activities totaled $195.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2023 compared to $246.9 million in the prior year period. The change is primarily due to lower repurchases of common stock in the current year.
CASH REQUIREMENTS
Dividends and Share Repurchases. Returning capital to shareholders in the form of dividends and the repurchase of outstanding shares is, and has historically been, a significant component of our capital allocation plan.
We have consistently paid quarterly dividends. Dividends paid totaled $43.0 million and $43.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively. Although we have historically paid dividends and plan to continue to do so, there can be no assurances that circumstances will not change in the future that could affect our ability or decisions to pay dividends.
During the three months ended September 30, 2023, we repurchased $132.0 million of our common stock at an average price of $40.43 per share, excluding excise taxes in connection with such repurchases. In the prior year period, we repurchased $219.8 million of our common stock at an average price of $44.60 per share. Our current share repurchase program has remaining authorization of $568.1 million, which is effective through June 2025.
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Share repurchases may be effectuated through open market transactions, some of which may be effectuated under SEC Rule 10b5-1. The Company may cancel, suspend, or extend the period for the purchase of shares at any time. Any repurchases will be funded primarily through available cash and cash from operations. Although we may continue to repurchase shares, there is no assurance that we will purchase up to the full Board authorization.
    Capital Investment. Capital expenditures totaled $12.9 million and $16.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively. Our capital expenditures relate primarily to recurring improvements to retail offices, as well as investments in computers, software and related assets. In addition to our capital expenditures, we also made payments to acquire businesses. We acquired franchisee and competitor businesses totaling $6.9 million and $16.5 million during the three months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively. See Item 1, note 5 for additional information on our acquisitions.
FINANCING RESOURCES – The CLOC has capacity up to $1.5 billion and is scheduled to expire in June 2026. Proceeds under the CLOC may be used for working capital needs or for other general corporate purposes. We had no outstanding balance under our CLOC and amounts available to borrow were not limited by the debt-to-EBITDA covenant as of September 30, 2023.
The following table provides ratings for debt issued by Block Financial LLC (Block Financial) as of September 30, 2023 and June 30, 2023:
As ofSeptember 30, 2023
June 30, 2023
Short-termLong-termOutlookShort-termLong-termOutlook
Moody'sP-3Baa3StableP-3Baa3Positive
S&PA-2BBBStableA-2BBBStable
Other than described above, there have been no material changes in our borrowings from those reported as of June 30, 2023 in our Annual Report on Form 10-K.
CASH AND OTHER ASSETS – As of September 30, 2023, we held cash and cash equivalents, excluding restricted amounts, of $427.0 million, including $146.1 million held by our foreign subsidiaries.
Foreign Operations. Seasonal borrowing needs of our Canadian operations are typically funded by our U.S. operations. To mitigate foreign currency risk, we sometimes enter into foreign exchange forward contracts. There were no forward contracts outstanding as of September 30, 2023.
We do not currently intend to repatriate non-borrowed funds held by our foreign subsidiaries in a manner that would trigger a material tax liability.
The impact of changes in foreign exchange rates during the period on our international cash balances resulted in an decrease of $3.7 million and $13.4 million during the three months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively.
CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS AND COMMERCIAL COMMITMENTS – EAs are originated by Pathward. We purchase a 90% participation interest, at par, in all EAs originated by Pathward in accordance with our participation agreement. Effective October 20, 2023, we amended the Program Management Agreement and entered into a new participation agreement related to EAs originated by Pathward.
There have been no other material changes in our contractual obligations and commercial commitments from those reported in our June 30, 2023 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
SUMMARIZED GUARANTOR FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Block Financial is a 100% owned subsidiary of H&R Block, Inc. Block Financial is the Issuer and H&R Block, Inc. is the full and unconditional Guarantor of our Senior Notes, CLOC and other indebtedness issued from time to time.
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The following table presents summarized financial information for H&R Block, Inc. (Guarantor) and Block Financial (Issuer) on a combined basis after intercompany eliminations and excludes investments in and equity earnings in non-guarantor subsidiaries.
SUMMARIZED BALANCE SHEET - GUARANTOR AND ISSUER(in 000s)
As ofSeptember 30, 2023June 30, 2023
Current assets$40,277 $37,407 
Noncurrent assets1,719,763 1,725,234 
Current liabilities85,643 78,259 
Noncurrent liabilities1,495,842 1,494,010 
SUMMARIZED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS - GUARANTOR AND ISSUER(in 000s)
Three months ended September 30, 2023
Twelve months ended June 30, 2023
Total revenues